Study in New Zealand
About New Zealand
New Zealand is an island country in the South-Western Pacific Ocean that covers two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island) and numerous smaller islands. The country is situated about 2,000 kilometers (1200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and about 1,000 kilometers (600 mi) south of the Pacific island nations of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. New Zealand in terms of its beauties and other need-based facilities and opportunities and qualities of education has emerged as a hot destination for students from the rest of the world. New Zealand, with a total area of 268,680 square kilometers, is comparable in size to Great Britain, Japan, or Colorado. Its closest neighbors to the north are New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Its capital city is Wellington, the southernmost national capital in the world. New Zealand is a modern parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster parliamentary system. The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by her governor-general. The House of Representatives normally consists of 120 members of Parliament (MPs), though sometimes more due to overhang seats. There are 71 MPs elected directly in electorate seats and the remainder are filled by list MPs based on each party’s share of the total party vote. Although elections can be called early, each three years Parliament is dissolved and goes up for re-election. Parliament is closely linked to the executive. The New Zealand Government comprises a prime minister (head of government) and other ministers. In accordance with the principle of responsible government, these individuals are always drawn from the House of Representatives and are held accountable to it. Primary and secondary schooling is compulsory for children aged 6 to 16, with the majority attending from the age of 5.New Zealand has an adult literacy rate of 99 percent, and over half of the population, aged 15 to 29 hold a tertiary qualification. Tertiary education in New Zealand is provided by universities, institutes of technology and polytechnics, private training establishments, industry training organizations, and wānanga (Māori Education). It ranges from informal non-assessed community courses in schools through to undergraduate degrees and research-based postgraduate degrees. All post-compulsory education is regulated within the New Zealand Qualifications Framework, a unified system of national qualifications for schools, vocational education and training, and ‘higher’ education. The New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) is responsible for quality assuring all courses and tertiary education organizations other than universities. Under the Education Act 1989, The Committee on University Academic Programmes (CUAP) and the Academic Quality Agency (AQA) have delegated authority for quality assurance of university education. The Tertiary Education Commission (TEC) is responsible for administering the funding of tertiary education, primarily through negotiated investment plans with each funded organization. New Zealand has eight state-funded universities, 18 Institutes of Technology and Polytechnics (ITPs) which have been unified into the New Zealand Institute of Skills and Technology (NZIST), and about 860 Private Training Establishments (PTEs), which include English language schools.